Indian Union and its Territory

Table 1 Territory of India in 1950
States in Part A States in Part B States in Part C Territories in Part D
1. Assam 1. Hyderabad 1. Ajmer 1. Andaman and

Nicobar Islands

2. Bihar 2. Jammu and Kashmir 2. Bhopal
3. Bombay 3. Madhya

Bharat

3. Bilaspur
4. Madhya Pradesh 4. Mysore 4. Cooch-

Behar

5. Madras 5. Patiala and East Punjab 5. Coorg
6. Orissa 6. Rajasthan 6. Delhi
7. Punjab 7. Saurashtra 7. Himachal

Pradesh

8. United Provinces 8. TravancoreCochin 8. Kutch
9. West Bengal 9. Vindhya Pradesh 9. Manipur
10. Tripura

 

Table 2 Original Parts of the Constitution Dealing with States and Territories
Parts                                 Original Heading                                  Articles covered
VI The States in Part A of the First Schedule 152–237
VII The States in Part B of the First Schedule 238
VIII The States in Part C of the First Schedule 239–242
IX The Territories in Part D of the First Schedule and other Territories not specified in that Schedule 243

 

Table 3 Territory of India in 1956
States Union Territories
  1. Andra Pradesh 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Assam 2. Delhi
  3. Bihar 3. Himachal Pradesh
  4. Bombay 4. Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands
  5. Jammu and Kashmir 5. Manipur
  6. Kerala 6. Tripura
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  8. Madras
  9. Mysore
10. Orissa
11. Punjab
12. Rajasthan
13. Uttar Pradesh
14. West Bengal

 

Table 4: Territory of India in 2019
States Union Territories
1. Andhra Pradesh 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
2. Arunachal Pradesh 2. Chandigarh
3. Assam 3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
4. Bihar 4. Daman and Diu
5. Chhattisgarh 5. Delhi (National Capital Territory)
6. Goa 6. Jammu and Kashmir
7. Gujarat 7. Ladakh
8. Haryana 8. Lakshadweep
9. Himachal Pradesh 9. Puducherry
10. Jharkhand
11. Karnataka
12. Kerala
13. Madhya Pradesh
14. Maharashtra
15. Manipur
16. Meghalaya
17. Mizoram
18. Nagaland
19. Odisha
20. Punjab
21. Rajasthan
22. Sikkim
23. Tamil Nadu
24. Telangana
25. Tripura
26. Uttarakhand
27. Uttar Pradesh
28. West Bengal

 

Table 5 Laws Made by Parliament Under Article 3 of the Constitution
Sl.

No.

Acts Provisions
1. Assam (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1951 Altered the boundaries of the State of Assam by ceding a strip of territory comprised in that State to Bhutan.
2. Andhra State Act, 1953 Formed the first linguistic state, known as the State of Andhra, by taking out the Telugu speaking areas from the State of Madras. Kurnool was the capital of Andhra State and the state high court was established at Guntur.
3. Himachal Pradesh and

Bilaspur (New State) Act,

1954

Formed the new state of Himachal Pradesh by

Uniting the existing States of Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur.

4. Chandernagore (Merger) Act, 1954 Merged the territory of Chandernagore (a former enclave of French India) into the State of West Bengal.
5 States Reorganisation Act, 1956 Made the extensive changes in the boundaries of various states for the purpose of meeting the linguistic, regional and local demands. It created 14 states and 6 union territories. The States were: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Madras, Mysore, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

The Union Territories were: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands, Manipur and Tripura. It established the new state of Kerala by merging the TravancoreCochin State with the Malabar district of Madras State and the Kasargode of South Canara (Dakshina Kannada). It merged the Teluguspeaking areas of Hyderabad State with the Andhra State to create the Andhra Pradesh State. Further, it merged the Madhya Bharat State, Vindhya Pradesh State and Bhopal State into the Madhya Pradesh State. Similarly, it merged the Saurashtra State and Kutch State into that of the Bombay State; the Coorg State into that of Mysore State; the Patiala and East Punjab States Union (Pepsu) into that of Punjab State; and the Ajmer State into that of Rajasthan State. Moreover, it created the new union territory of Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands from the territory detached from the Madras State.

6 Bihar and West Bengal

(Transfer of Territories) Act,

1956

Provided for the transfer of certain territories from the State of Bihar to the State of West Bengal.
7. Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (Transfer of Territories) Act, 1959 Provided for the transfer of certain territories from the State of Rajasthan to the State of Madhya Pradesh.
8. Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959 Provided for the alteration of boundaries of the States of Andhra Pradesh and Madras.
9. Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 Formed the new State of

Gujarat (15th state) by taking out the Gujarati speaking areas from the state of

Bombay and renamed the other part of the Bombay State as Maharashtra State. The city of Ahmedabad was made the capital of Gujarat.

10. Acquired Territories (Merger) Act, 1960 Provided for the merger into the States of Assam, Punjab and West Bengal of Certain territories acquired from Pakistan under the agreements entered into between the Governments of India and Pakistan, in 1958 and 1959.
11. State of Nagaland Act, 1962 Formed the new State of Nagaland (16th state) by taking out the Naga Hills Tuensang Area from the State of Assam. The Naga Hills – Tuensang Area was a tribal area of Assam specified in the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
12. Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 Formed the new State of Haryana (17th state) by taking out the Hindi speaking areas from the State of Punjab. It also made Chandigarh a new

Union Territory as well as a common capital for both Punjab and Haryana.

13. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh

(Alteration of Boundaries)

Act, 1968

Provided for the alteration of boundaries of the States of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
14. Andhra Pradesh and

Mysore (Transfer of Territory) Act, 1968

Provided for the transfer of certain territory from the State of Mysore to the State of Andhra Pradesh.
15. Madras State (Alteration of Name) Act, 1968 Changed the name of the State of Madras to that of State of Tamil Nadu.
16. Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969 Formed an autonomous state (sub-state) known as Meghalaya, within the State of Assam.
17. State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970 Elevated the Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh to the status of a state (18th state).
18. North-Eastern Areas

(Reorganisation) Act, 1971

Elevated the two Union Territories of Manipur and Tripura to the status of states (19th state and 20th state respectively). It also conferred full statehood on Meghalaya (21st state), which was previously a substate within the State of Assam. Further, it formed the two Union Territories of

Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh out of the territories of Assam.

19. Mysore State (Alteration of Name) Act, 1973 Changed the name of the state of Mysore to that of the State of Karnataka.
20. Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands (Alteration of Name) Act, 1973 Changed the name of the

Union Territory of the

Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands to that of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep.

21. Haryana and Uttar Pradesh

(Alteration of Boundaries)

Act, 1979

Provided for the alteration of boundaries of the States of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
22. State of Mizoram Act, 1986 Elevated the Union Territory of Mizoram to the status of a state (23rd state).
23. State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986 Elevated the Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh to the status of a State (24th state).
24. Goa, Daman and Diu

Reorganisation Act, 1987

Formed the new State of Goa (25th State) by separating the territory of Goa from the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu.
25. Madhya Pradesh

Reorganisation Act, 2000

Formed the new state of Chhattisgarh (26th state) out of the territories of the State of Madhya Pradesh.
26. Uttar Pradesh

Reorganisation Act, 2000

Created the new State of Uttaranchal (27th state) by carving out its territory from that of the territories of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
27. Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 Established the new State of Jharkhand (28th state) by separating its territory from the territories of the State of Bihar.
28. Uttaranchal (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006 Changed the name of the State of Uttaranchal to that of the State of Uttarakhand.
29. Pondicherry (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006 Renamed the Union Territory of Pondicherry as the Union Territory of Puducherry.
30. Orissa (Alteration of Name) Act, 2011 Changed the name of the State of Orissa to that of the State of Odisha.
31. Andhra Pradesh

Reorganisation Act, 2014

Formed the new state of Telangana (29th state) by carving out its territory from the territories of the state of Andhra Pradesh.
32. Jammu and Kashmir

Reorganisation Act, 2019

Bifurcated the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir into two separate Union territories, namely, the Union territory of Jammu & Kashmir and the Union territory of Ladakh.

 

Table 6 Articles Related to Union and its Territory at a Glance
Article No. Subject-matter
1. Name and territory of the Union
2. Admission or establishment of new states
2A. Sikkim to be associated with the Union– (Repealed)
3. Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states
4. Laws made under Articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.

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1956 के बाद बनाए गए नए राज्य एवं संघ शासित क्षेत्र

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