Reservation for EWSs in Educational Institutions was added by the 103rd Amendment Act of 2019. In order to give effect to this provision, the central government issued an order (in 2019) providing 10% reservation to the Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) in admission to educational institutions. The benefit of this reservation can be availed by the persons belonging to EWSs who are not covered under any of the existing schemes of reservations for SCs, STs and OBCs. The eligibility criteria laid down in this regard is as follows:
- Persons whose family has gross annual income below ₹8 lakh are to be identified as EWSs for the benefit of reservation. The income would include income from all sources i.e., salary, agriculture, business, profession etc. and it would be income for the financial year prior to the year of application.
- Persons whose family owns or possesses any one of the following assets are to be excluded from being identified as EWSs, irrespective of the family income:
- 5 acres of Agricultural land and above.
- Residential flat of 1000 sq.ft. and above.
- Residential plot of 100 sq.yards and above in notified municipalities.
- Residential plot of 200 sq.yards and above in areas other than the notified municipalities.
- The property held by a family in different locations or different places / cities would be clubbed while applying the land or property holding test to determine EWS status.
- Family for this purpose would include the person who seeks benefit of reservation, his/her parents and siblings below the age of 18 years as also his/ her spouse and children below the age of 18 years.
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