Administrative Words प्रशासनिक वाक्यांश

प्रशासनिक वाक्यांश abide by = पालन करना above cited/above quoted = उपरि उद्धृत, ऊपर दिया हुआ above given = उपरिलिखित, ऊपर दिया हुआ above mentioned = उपर्युक्त above resolution be published in the gazette = उपर्युक्त संकल्प भारत के राजपत्र में प्रकाशित किया जाए above said = उपर्युक्त acceded to = स्वीकार किया गया acceptance Read More

Functions of nervous system तंत्रिका तंत्र के प्रमुख कार्य

The major functions that our nervous system performs are as follows : Control : Nervous system controls all the functions of various body parts. Co-ordination : Every body activity involves many body parts. This system co-ordinated and integrate the activities of all the body parts. Never system controls high faculties, such as, thinking, reasoning, memory Read More

संविधान सभा का गठन

COMPOSITION OF THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY संविधान सभा की संरचना As per the provision of the Cabinet Mission Plan, the Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946 The features of the scheme were The total strength of the Constituent Assembly was to be 389. Of these, 296 seats were to be allotted to British India and Read More

Indian Independence Act of 1947

Indian Independence Act of 1947 On February 20, 1947, the British Prime Minister Clement Atlee declared that the British rule in India would end by June 30,1948; after which the power would be transferred to responsible Indian hands. This announcement was followed by the agitation by the Muslim League demanding partition of the country. Again Read More

Government of India Act of 1935

Government of India Act of 1935 On the base of recommendation made by the Simon Commission, British Govt. enacted Government of India Act of 1938.  The Act marked a second milestone towards a completely responsible government in India. It was a lengthy and detailed document having 321 Sections and 10 Schedules. The features of this Read More

Simon Commission and Communal Award

Simon Commission साइमन कमीशन In November 1927 itself (i.e., 2 years before the schedule), the British Government announced the appointment a seven-member statutory commission under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon to report on the condition of India under its new Constitution. All the members of the commission were British and hence, all the parties Read More

Government of India Act of 1919 / भारत शासन अधिनियम, 1919:

After Indian Councils Act of 1861, 1892 and 1909,  British Govt. enacted new Act. i.e Government of India Act of 1919. Government of India Act of 1919: On August 20, 1917, the British Government declared, for the first time, that its objective was the gradual introduction of responsible Government in India. The Government of India Act Read More

Indian Councils Act of British India भारत परिषद अधिनियम

After Government of India Act of 1858 British Govt. enacted New Acts i.e. Indian Councils Act of 1861, 1892 and 1909: After the great revolt of 1857, the British Government felt the necessity of seeking the cooperation of the Indians in the administration of their country. In pursuance of this policy of association, three acts Read More

Government of India Act of 1858 /1858 का भारत सरकार अधिनियम

After Regulating Act of 1773, Charter Acts of 1793, 1813, 1833 and 1853,  Pitt’s India Act of 1784, British Govt. enacted new Act i.e Government of India Act of 1858: This significant Act was enacted in the wake of the Revolt of 1857–also known as the First War of Independence or the ‘sepoy mutiny’. The act known Read More

Charter Acts of British India चार्टर एक्ट

After Regulating Act of 1773 British Govt. introduced new act i.e. Charter Acts of 1793, 1813, 1833. Charter Act of 1793 The features of this Act were as follows: It extended the overriding power given to Lord Cornwallis over his council, to all future Governor-Generals and Governors of Presidencies. It gave the Governor-General more powers Read More

Pitt’s India Act of 1784

After Regulating Act of 1773 and Charter Acts of 1793, 1813, 1833 and 1853 British Govt. introduced new act i.e. Pitt’s India Act of 1784 Pitt’s India Act of 1784 पिट्स का भारत अधिनियम 1784: The features of this Act were as follows: It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company. It Read More

Regulating Act of 1773(1773 का विनियमन अधिनियम)

Regulating Act of 1773 This act was of great constitutional importance as (a) it was the first step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of the East India Company in India; (b) it recognised, for the first time, the political and administrative functions of the Company; and (c) it laid Read More

Branches of Biology (जीव विज्ञान की शाखाएँ)

जीव विज्ञान की शाखाएँ (Branches of Biology) : विज्ञान की शाखाओं ( Branches of Science ) में से एक जीव विज्ञान ( Biology ) है। इसकी दो उप-शाखायें : जंतु विज्ञान या प्राणिविज्ञान ( Zoology ): प्राणिविज्ञान (Zoology) विज्ञान की एक शाखा है, जिसमे जीवित एवं मृत प्राणियों या जंतुओं का अध्ययन होता है। इसके Read More

Bed Assignment/practical:Computer

कंप्यूटर का परिचय(Introduction to Computers)  कंप्यूटर क्या हैं ? (What is Computer) Computer एक ऐसा Electronic Device है जो User द्वारा Input किये गए Data में प्रक्रिया करके सूचनाओ को Result के रूप में प्रदान करता हैं, अर्थात् Computer एक Electronic Machine है जो User द्वारा दिए गए निर्देशों का पालन करती हैं| इसमें डेटा को Read More

8. श्वसन Respiration

Respiration (श्वसन) Respiration is the complex process of biological cells taking place in several orderly phases at normal temperature of the body, under which the organic matter is oxidized by organic oxidation and gradually released energy in a phased manner. In human (as in most other animals) There are four major parts of respiration – Read More

7. पाचन तन्त्रा (Digestive System)

पाचन तन्त्रा (Digestive System) Why the digestive system : The food that we eat cannot be utilized as such in the body. It must be changed into a soluble absorbable form to get absorbed by the blood for distribution in the body. Certain foods, like cane-sugar are already soluble in water, but they require a Read More

6. पोषण (Nutrition)

पोषण (Nutrition) सभी जीवधारियों को अपने शरीर के निर्माण के लिए तथा विभिन्न जैविक क्रियाओं के लिए ऊर्जा की आवश्यकता होती है। यह ऊर्जा उन्हें भोजन से प्राप्त होती है जिसमें पोषक तत्व होते हैं। जीवों द्वारा भोजन को प्राप्त करने की प्रक्रिया को पोषण कहते हैं। पोषण की मुख्यतः तीन प्रकार हैं। A. स्वपोषण(Autotrophic): Read More

5. पौधें का आकारिकी (Morphology of Plants)

पौधें का आकारिकी (Morphology of Plants) Morphology का संबंध शारीरिक आकार के अध्ययन से है। पौधों के विभिन्न अंगों जैसे, जड़ों, तनों, पत्तियों, पुष्पों, फलों व बीजों आदि की रचना व उनके विकास का अध्ययन पादप आकारिकी कहलाता है। पुष्पीय पौधे के विभिन्न अंग जड़ या मूल(Root): प्रायः पौधे की मुख्य अक्ष का भूमिगत भाग Read More

4. ऊतक (Tissue)

3. जीवधरियों का वर्गीकरण (Classification of living thing)

जीवधरियों का वर्गीकरण (Classification of living thing) 1969 में व्हिट्ट्टेकर(Whittaker) में समस्त जीवों को निम्नलिखित पांच जगत में वर्गीकृत किया : A. मोनेरा (MONERA) B. प्रोटिस्टा (PROTISTA) C. पादप (PLANTAE) D. कवक (FUNGI) E. जन्तु (ANIMALS) A. मोनेरा (MONERA) : इस जगत में सभी Prokaryotic जीवों को सम्मिलित किया जाता है। इसके जीव सूक्ष्मतम तथा Read More

2. कोशिका विभाजन(Cell Division)

कोशिका विभाजन(Cell Division) There are about 5 thousand billion cells in our body. The cells of all multicellular organisms are destroyed all the time. Due to some wear and tear and some accidents. It is due to these cell division that the body grows. The cell in which division occurs is called maternal cell or Read More

1. जीव विज्ञानः एक परिचय (Introduction)

The branch of science under which organisms are studied is called biology. Aristotle has been called the father of biology. Any object that has some specific biological activity is called an object. The living beings have the following characteristics, on the basis of which we are able to clearly distinguish it from the non-living. Shape Read More

मानव शरीर विज्ञान / HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY : Skeletal System कंकाल तंत्र

Our Body हमारा शारीर Our body is like a wonderful machine. As a machine has many parts, our body is made up of many parts too. The smallest unit of our body is called cell. There are millions of cells in our body. Our body is made up of a large number of cells. Group Read More

living things

What are living things सजीव क्या हैं? “Living things move, respond to stimuli, reproduce and grow, respire, and are dependent on their environment. Most living things need food, water, light, temperatures within defined limits, and oxygen.” “जीवित चीजें चलती हैं, उत्तेजनाओं पर प्रतिक्रिया करती हैं, प्रजनन करती हैं और बढ़ती हैं, प्रतिक्रिया करती हैं, और उनके वातावरण Read More


A. झारखण्ड का इतिहास : स्वशासन 8×2 = 16 : (क) मुण्डा शासन व्यवस्था (दो स्तरीय व्यस्था) (1 प्रश्न) मुण्डा झारखण्ड में बसने वाली सबसे पुराणी जनजाति में से एक है | रिसा मुण्डा के नेतृत्व में लगभग 21 हजार मुण्डाओं ने झारखण्ड आये | यहाँ इन्होने जंगल को साफ कर खुटकट्टी गावं बसाए | Read More